Saturday, October 24, 2009


Healthy eating and a healthful way of life are important to how we look, feel and how much we enjoy life.

The right lifestyle decisions, with a routine of good food and regular exercise, can help us to make the most of what life has to offer.

Making smart food choices early in life and through adulthood can also help reduce the risk of certain conditions such as obesity, heart disease, hypertension, diabetes, certain cancers and osteoporosis.

Key Factors of a Healthy Diet


a).Consume wide variety of foods
We need more than 40 different nutrients for good health and no single food can supply them all.
That's why consumption of a wide variety of foods (including fruits, vegetables, cereals and grains,meats, fish and poultry, dairy products and fats and oils), is necessary for good health.

Some studies have linked dietary variety with longevity.

In any event, choosing a variety of foods add to the enjoyment of meals and snacks.

Eating is one of the life's greatest pleasures and it is important to take time to stop, relax and enjoy mealtimes and snacks.

Scheduling eating times also ensures that meals are not missed, resulting in missed nutrients that are often not compensated for by subsequent meals.This is especially important for school children, adolescents and the elderly.

Breakfast is particularly important as it helps kick-start the body by supplying energy after the all-night fast.

b).Balance and moderation
Balancing food intake means getting enough, but not too much, of each type of nutrient. If portion sizes are kept reasonable, there is no need to eliminate favourite foods.

There is no "good" or "bad" foods, only good or bad diets. Any food can fit into a healthy lifestyle by remembering moderation and balance.

Moderate amounts of all foods can help ensure that energy (calories) intake is controlled
If you choose a high fat snack, choose a lower fat option at the next meal.

c).Maintain a healthy body weight and feel good .

A healthy weight varies between individuals and depends on many factors including gender, height,age and hereditary.

Excess body fat results when more calories are eaten than are needed.

Those extra calories can come from any source - protein, fat, carbohydrate or alcohol - but fat is the most concentrated source of calories.

Physical activity is a good way of increasing the energy (calories) expended and it can also leadto feelings of well-being.

The message is simple: if you are gaining weight eat less and be more active.

d).Don't forget your fruits and vegetables .

Numerous studies have shown an association between the intake of these foods and a decreased risk of cardiovascular disease and certain cancers.

An increased intake of fruits and vegetables has also been associated with decreased blood pressure.

People can fill up on fresh fruit and vegetables because they are good sources of nutrients and the majority are naturally low in fat and calories.

Nutritionists are paying much more attention to fruits and vegetables as "packages" of nutrients and other constituents that are healthful for humans.

The "antioxidant hypothesis" has drawn attention to the role of micronutrients found in fruits and vegetables like vitamins C and E , as well as a number of other natural protective substances.

The carotenes (beta-carotene, lutein and lycopene), the flavonoids (phenolic compounds that are widespread in commonly consumed fruits and vegetables such as apples and onions and beverages derivedfrom plants like tea, cocoa and red wine) and the phytoestrogens (principally isoflavones and lignans),are being demonstrated to have beneficial roles in human health.

e).Base the diet on foods rich in carbohydrates

Most dietary guidelines recommend a daily diet in which at least 55 of the total calories come from carbohydrates.

This means making more than half of our daily food intake should consist of carbohydrate-containing foods such asgrains, pulses, beans, fruits, vegetables and sugars.

Although the body treats all carbohydrates in the same way regardless of their source, carbohydrates are often split into "complex" and "simple" carbohydrates.

Complex carbohydrates that come from plants are called starch and fibres, and these are found for example in cereal grains, vegetables, breads, seeds, legumes and beans.

These carbohydrates consist of long strands of many simple carbohydrates linked together.

Simple carbohydrates (sometimes called simple sugars) are found for example in table sugar, fruits, sweets, jams, soft drinks, fruit juices, honey, jellies and syrups.

Both complex and simple carbohydrates provide the same amount of energy (4 calories per gram) and both can contribute to tooth decay, especially when oral hygiene is poor.

f).Drink plenty of fluids .
Adults need to drink at least 1.5 litres of fluid daily, even more if its hot or they are physically active.

Plain water is a good source of liquid but variety can be both pleasant and healthy.

Choose alternative fluids from juices, soft drinks, tea, coffee and milk.

g).Fats in moderation .

Fat is a nutrient in food that is essential for good health.

Fats provide a ready source of energy and enable the body to absorb, circulate and store the fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E and K.

Fat-containing foods are needed to supply "essential fatty acids" that the body cannot make.
Too much fat however, especially saturated fats, can lead to adverse health effects such as overweight and high cholesterol and increase the risk of heart disease and some cancers.

Limiting the amount of fat, especially saturated fat in the diet -but not cutting it out entirely- is the best advice for a healthy diet.

Most dietary recommendations are that less than 30% of the day's total calories should come from fat and lessthan 10% of the day's total calories should come from saturated fat.

h).Balance the salt intake.

Salt (NaCl) is made up of sodium and chloride.

Sodium is a nutrient and is present naturally in many foods.

Sodium and chloride are important in helping the body to maintain fluid balance and to regulate blood pressure.

For most people, any excess sodium passes straight through the body however in some people it can increase blood pressure.

Reducing the amount of salt in the diet of those who are sensitive to salt may reduce the risk of high blood pressure.

However, The relationship between salt intake and blood pressure is still not known well and individuals shouldconsult their doctor for advice.

Start now - and make changes gradually

Making changes gradually, such as having a healthy diet, cutting back on portion sizes, or taking the stairs instead of the lift, means that the changes are easier to maintain.

Why is physical activity also important???

The advise for increased physical activity is strongly linked to overall healthy lifestyle recommendations because it affects energy balance and the risk of lifestyle-related diseases.

Being physically active for at least 30 minutes daily reduces the risk of developing obesity, heart disease, diabetes, hypertension and colon cancer, all of which are major contributors to morbidity and mortality.

In addition, in both children and adults, physical activity is related to improvements in body flexibility, aerobic endurance, agility and coordination, strengthening of bones and muscles, lower body fat levels, blood fats, blood pressure and reduced risk of hip fractures in women.

Physical activity makes you feel better physically and encourages a more positive mental outlook.

Increases in physical activity levels are needed in every age group and recommendations are that adults be physically active for at least 30 minutes on most days of the week.

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